Increased Restrictions to Flame Retardants in Furniture Products

Increased Restrictions to Flame Retardants in Furniture Products

The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) has recommended a restriction on flame retardants used in flexible polyurethane (PUR) foams found in residential upholstered furniture and childcare products.  

In light of this recommendation, the state of California has passed a bill to protect residents from the cancer-causing effects of these chemicals, which are present in a variety of common household products, including children’s products, fabrics and furniture. As of April 10, 2018, bill AB-2998 Juvenile products: flame retardant materials is awaiting confirmation from the approvals committee. The bill calls for flame retardants to be banned in furniture, mattresses and childcare products. These flame retardants are:

  • Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP)
  • Tris(2-chloro-1-methylethyl) phosphate (TCPP)
  • Tris[2-chloro-1- (chloromethyl)ethyl] phosphate (TDCP)

The flame retardants TCPP and TDCP are used in products such as baby slings, car safety seats, baby and child mattresses, and residential upholstered furniture. While TCEP is not in use in the European Union (EU), it could still be present as an impurity in other commercial flame retardants or imported articles. The bill covers a wider range of products and substances, but if approval is granted then TCPP, TDCP and TCEP could be restricted for use as a flame retardant beginning January 1, 2020.

Companies must perform due diligence on their products to identify and mitigate the risk of these, and other, restricted materials. Complete material declarations down to the homogeneous level, or Class D full material disclosures, can be used to increase visibility into product composition and share information on materials and products throughout the supply chain.

Upload, edit, validate and generate IPC-1752A XML declarations using FMDComplete, the material disclosure tool.

The Product Compliance Suite, part of the Assent Compliance Platform, enables companies to perform supply chain due diligence and gather product compliance data from the supply chain to identify and mitigate risk. Companies can also view and report on product composition down to the material level, validate declaration responses, and access detailed reporting with the touch of a button to ensure they remain ahead of changing product compliance requirements.

For more information on your product compliance requirements and how Assent can help, contact us at